The methodological framework of the thesis. How to elaborate it?

The methodological framework of the thesis. How to elaborate it?

The methodological framework is the explanation of the mechanisms used for the analysis of our research problems. In general, it is the third chapter of the thesis and is the result of the systematic and logical application of the concepts and foundations exposed in the theoretical framework. It is important to understand that the methodology of the research is progressive, therefore, it is not possible to make the methodological framework without the theoretical foundations that will justify the study of the chosen topic.

If before writing your thesis you wrote a preliminary project or work project of degree, the methodology of your study should already be described and justified.

When writing the methodological framework you will describe how you did the analysis of your topic, what methods, techniques or procedures you applied. You must give a clear vision of what you did, why and how. It is also relevant that you highlight the adequacy of the methodology you chose and its limitations.

The complexity of the methodology will depend on the nature of your degree work:

If it is a documentary research, the methodology may consist in the comparison of different sources of information or the application of a set of theoretical foundations to the problem studied.

In the work related to professional internships, the methodology is the explanation of the roles assumed and the functions performed, the competencies used and the results obtained in relation to the objectives set. Also the detailed summary of activities and lapses.

In the case of feasible projects or special projects, the methodology will be based on the explanation of the procedures required for the planned activities, the analysis of the resources necessary for the execution of the project and the possibility of executing the proposal.

In the special case of field research, some methodological aspects should be addressed, such as: research design, variables, population, instruments, procedures and data analysis.


In this type of research, a problem is studied from the collection and analysis of direct data of reality, for which statistical criteria are used to process the information collected. You must develop the following points:

Research design: the chosen methodological model must be explained, what is the purpose of that choice, that is, to justify it.

Definition of variables: variables are qualities that can change and that their variation is measurable. In a field investigation with subjects the variables can be: age, sex, height, weight, degree of instruction, etc. The variables are the properties that are going to be taken into account for the data collection, to then analyze, precisely, its variability.

Population and sample: the population is the universe that is affected by the problem studied. It is the selected complete group that meets the characteristics that our subject requires. The sample is a representative selection of the universe, it can be between 30 and 20% of the population and must be chosen with statistical criteria.

Instruments: tools or materials used for data collection. The election must be justified by highlighting aspects such as validity and reliability.

Procedures: at this point, each of the steps taken to collect the data must be summarized.

Analysis of the data: the information obtained is presented together with the statistical techniques used.

It is important to take into account each of the mentioned aspects, because they are the systematization of the proposal of your research. In the methodological framework all the proposed objectives of the thesis must be definitively formalized and the fulfillment or not of the research hypothesis must be made known. Remember that the hypothesis is a probability and its reality does not depend strictly on the methodology of your research. The hypothesis may or may not occur and the important thing is the process to demonstrate its feasibility.

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