Analyze qualitative data with a log

Analyze qualitative data with a log

Blog is a format that chronologically records data

The blog is a format that chronologically records data, events, events or any other information of interest on a particular topic. The logbook originated in the navigation area to record all the relevant things that the sailors observed during their trips by sea. These were recorded in travel notebooks and now this modality is considered very useful for research with a qualitative approach.

The theses that are oriented to the deepening of the information and its consequent interpretation handle a large amount of data that come from different sources. Therefore, the researcher must use methodological structures to organize the materials and generate knowledge in an orderly manner. In this way, you can exercise control over the collection and subsequent analysis.

In studies with qualitative approaches, the collection and analysis is carried out jointly, since the reflections are given as the interaction with the participants progresses and the context or environment where the research is carried out. In addition, a fundamental part of this type of thesis is the inclusion of the perceptions of the researcher himself, who through an observation obtains a total and privileged understanding of the research problem. In this sense, the log is very valuable to document or record the information and enrich it with the impressions of the person doing the study. And since it is a chronological model, it is ideal to keep the information updated and then compare the changes and verify the evolution of the entire methodological process.


The log will be adapted to the research problem, custom models can be created in each case as long as they facilitate the orderly recording of the data. Although the models may vary, all must work according to three main elements or parts.

The method, that is, the steps or procedures that have been used. This includes the activities and their respective descriptions. It is important to include details and if there were problems exposing the way they were stirred.

The ideas, reflections, doubts and their possible answers. All of this constitutes the reflective aspect of the researcher that occurs along with the collection. The thesis student asks about the information that he obtains and exposes his first interpretations.

The changes and contradictions that may occur with respect to the method used for the collection and intervention in the field of study. It is common that one or several methodological elements must be changed, either because they do not conform to the type of information that needs to be obtained or because they do not respond to the activities that must be carried out. This situation occurs because the researcher approaches his research problem with partial knowledge that, later, will be enlarged and made more complex. Consequently, the methodology can be modified until reaching the relevant level. The precise moments at which the changes occurred and their reasons must be recorded in the log.

The binnacle serves to verify and validate the qualitative data, to justify the interpretations and the choice of methodology.

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